Congenital pelvic skeletal anomalies: Clinical and radiographic evaluation of newborns with gastrointestinal malformation

Marcello Cimador, Giovanni Corsello, Mario Giuffre, Ettore Piro, Giuseppa Pinello, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Congenitalpelvicskeletalanomalies(CPSA)mayappearasisolateddefectsorinassociationwith otheranomalieslikecongenitalmalformationsofthedigestivesystem(CMDS).MinorCPSAinnon-syndromic patientsareoftenoverlooked. WeaimedtoassessthefrequencyofCPSAinnewbornswithCMDStoreviewthediagnosticapproaches. Study design: A retrospective review of medical records of 201 newborns who underwent X-rays for different neonatalindicationswasconducted.In122patientsCMDSwerediagnosedandclassifiedaccordingtotheICD10classification;79non-CMDSpatientsactedascontrols.PelvicskeletalsegmentswereexaminedbyX-rays. Results: Patients with CMDS, showed a higher risk of CPSA (Odds ratio 2.89; 95% CI 1.34 6.23) and other associatedmalformationsincomparisontonon-CMDSpatients.NewbornswithmalformationsofthelargeintestinehavethehighestriskofadjacentCPSA(48%),asitisadevelopmentaldefectoriginatingfromthesame somite.Inadditiontoskeletalagenesis/hypoplasia,wereporteddysmorphicandbifidvertebras,tridentileum, andelongatedneuralarches. Conclusions: ThehighincidenceofCPSAinCMDSsuggestsperformingaroutineradiographicpelvicevaluation in cases of CMDS in order to identify complex phenotypes that could originate from the same developmental field.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalEARLY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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