Computational Study of Failure of Hybrid Steel Trussed Concrete Beams

Alessia Monaco, Lidia La Mendola, Jia-Liang Le, Roberto Ballarini

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8 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the failure behavior of hybrid steel trussed concrete beams (HSTCBs) under three-point bending through aseries of finite-element (FE) simulations. The FE model employs well-established constitutive relations of concrete and steel with a simplifiedcontact condition between the concrete and steel truss. The numerical model is compared with existing experimental data as well as a FEmodel that uses a more sophisticated concrete-steel interfacial model. The comparison shows that the present model is able to capture variousfailure mechanisms of the beam and its peak load capacity. The model is applied to investigate the behavior of a set of HSTCBs of differentsizes, whose design corresponds to current industrial practice. The simulations show that, due to the lack of three-dimensional geometricalsimilarity, the small-size beam exhibits shear failure, whereas the large-size beam experiences flexural failure. The observed transitionbetween different failure modes indicates the importance of employing a robust three-dimensional FE model for design extrapolationof HSTCBs across different sizes and geometries.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Volume143 (8)
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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