Composition and Variability of the Essential Oils of the Flowers of Lavandula stoechas from Various Geographical Sources

Giuseppe Virga, Salvatore La Bella, Teresa Tuttolomondo, Raffaele Leone, Claudio Leto, Mario Licata, Angela Giorgia Potortì, Edoardo M. Napoli, Maria Rita Fede, Giuseppe Ruberto, Giacomo Dugo, Eleonora D'Anna

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Samples of flowers of wild Lavandula stoechas L. spp. stoechas populations were collected in three areas of Sicily (Italy) and were characterized in agronomic and chemical terms. Essential oil (EO) was extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. GC-FID and GC-MS analyses permitted identification of 89 compounds from the EO. The samples were separated into 3 groups using PCA (Principal Component Analysis) statistical method, with reference to the chemical composition of the EO. All three Sicilian populations of lavender were identified as the fenchone chemotype with percentage content ranged between 52.8-71.1%. The population of Partinico showed the highest dry weight of flowers per plant (221.3 g), but the lowest EO yield (0.37%). The essential oils of the three wild Sicilian populations of L. stoechas L. spp. stoechas showed a greater chemical differentiation than those obtained from other Mediterranean areas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2004
Number of pages4
JournalNatural Product Communications
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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