[automatically translated] Several studies confirm the role that the context variables, such as the cohesion and respect of the rules in the neighborhoods, they play in promoting prosocial behavior, understood here as a set of behaviors and spontaneous feelings related to sharing, help, care for, empathy towards other people (Caprara et al. 2005). This study, sponsored by an agreement between the University of Palermo and Malaga, expands the viewing focus on psychosocial variables that reflect the living environment in his community complex including social trust, a sense of community, fairness and reciprocity as independent variables. Objective is to evaluate the predictive power of the variables mentioned on prosocial behavior in a sample of transnational: 455 subjects, residents in the eight districts of Palermo (M = 193, F = 262; mean age = 24.30 years, SD: 12.5) and 436 residents in the eleven districts of Malaga (M = 137, F = 299; mean age = 20.05 years, SD 1.8). Tools used: Prosocial Behavior Scale - referring to themselves and to belong to the district - a short version of the Merit Principle Scale, Brief Sense of community Scale, shortened version of the scale on the direct and indirect reciprocity. The samples were compared by calculating a series of ANOVA, while a linear regression was conducted with stepwise method to test the predictive model. Variance analysis reveals significant differences such that the sample is Palermo have higher average values for prosocial behavior reported to themselves (F = 36.865, p = .000) and the district (F = 16, 675, p = .001), the sense of fairness (F = 32.053, p = .000) and positive reciprocity (F = 22.528, p = .001). Finally, the analysis of regressions a different picture emerges between Palermo and Malaga where only in the first case we find a predictive role of the sense of community. The need in the Italian context of promoting prosocial behavior thus leads us to that sense of connection that instead seems increasingly hampered by the political "disruptive", more or less openly taken by governments.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|