Cognitive processess and cognitive reservein multiple sclerosis

Cinzia Scalera, Gaetana Chillemi, Chillemi, Terranova, Alessandro Calamuneri, Scalera, Rizzo, Bruschetta, Dattola, Maria Buccafusca, Angelo Quartarone, Paolo Girlanda, Vincenzo Dattola, Vincenzo Rizzo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is characterized by motor, cognitive, and neuropsychiatric symptoms, which can occurindependently.While MS is traditionally considered an inflammatory disease of the white matter, degeneration of gray matter is increasinglyrecognized as an important contributor to the progressive cognitive decline. A protective factor against the progressionof cognitive dysfunction in MS could be the cognitive reserve, defined as resistance to brain dysfunction.Aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of cognitive reserve for different aspects of cognitive dysfunctionof patients with MS.We found that patients with MS and lower cognitive reserve have poorer neuropsychological performance andslower information speed processing.These findings support the notion that intellectual reserve may protect some aspects of cognitive function inpatients with MS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19-24
    Number of pages6
    JournalArchives Italiennes de Biologie
    Volume153
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Physiology
    • Cell Biology

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