Purpose To evaluate circulating irisin levels in children with GH deficiency (GHD) and any relation with clinical and metabolic parameters. Patients Fifty-four prepubertal children (mean age, 7.4 ± 0.8 years) with idiopathic GHD treated with GH for at least 12 months and 31 healthy short children as control subjects. Methods Body height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), IGF-I, HbA1c, lipid profile, fasting and after-oral glucose tolerance test glucose and insulin, insulin sensitivity indices, and irisin levels were evaluated at baseline and after 12 months of GH replacement (GHR). Results At baseline, children with GHD, in addition to having lower growth velocity (P < 0.001), GH peak after stimulation tests (both P < 0.001), and IGF-I (P < 0.001), showed significantly lower irisin (P < 0.001) and higher BMI (P < 0.001) and WC (P = 0.001), without any difference in metabolic parameters, than control subjects. After GHR, children with GHD showed a significant increase in height (P < 0.001), growth velocity (P < 0.001), IGF-I (P < 0.001), fasting glucose (P = 0.002) and insulin (P < 0.001), homeostasis model assessment estimate of insulin resistance (P < 0.001), and irisin (P = 0.005), with a concomitant decrease in BMI (P = 0.001) and WC (P = 0.003). In multivariate analysis, the independent variables significantly associated with irisin were BMI (P = 0.002) and GH peak (P = 0.037) at baseline and BMI (P = 0.005), WC (P = 0.018), and IGF-I (P < 0.001) during GHR. Conclusions We report that GHR leads to an increase in irisin levels, strongly related to a decrease in BMI and WC, and to an increase in IGF-I; these changes are among the main goals of GHR. These data confirm the favorable effects of GHR in children.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical