Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: When and Why the Cervical Corpectomy?

Giovanni Grasso, Lorenzo Pescatori, Maria Pia Tropeano, Massiliano Visocchi, Pasqualino Ciappetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a degenerative disease that represents the most common spinal cord disorder in adults. The best treatment option has remained controversial. We performed a prospective study to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and neurophysiologic outcomes for anterior cervical corpectomy in the treatment of CSM. Methods: From January 2011 to January 2017, 60 patients with CSM were prospectively enrolled in the present study. The patients were divided according to the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association scale (mJOA) score into 2 groups: group A, patients with mild to moderate CSM (mJOA score ≥13); and group B, patients with severe myelopathy (mJOA score <13). Data were collected for each participating subject, including demographic information, symptoms, medical history, radiologic and neurophysiologic features, and functional impairment. Results: Of the 60 patients, 35 were men (58.3%) and 25 were women (41.7%). Their average age was 57.48 ± 10.60 years. The mean symptom duration was 25.33 ± 16.00 months; range, 3–57 months). Of the 60 patients, 22 had undergone single-level corpectomy and 36 multilevel corpectomy. A significant improvement in the motor evoked potentials was observed in both groups. Conclusions: Single- and multilevel corpectomy are valid and safe options in the treatment of CSM. In the present prospective study, a statistically significant improvement in the mJOA score and neurophysiologic parameters was observed for both moderate and severe forms of CSM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-555
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume140
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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