Diabetes have been shown to have higher mortality than people without diabetes. On this basis, the aim of our study was to evaluate the possible role of diabetic foot as a cardiovascular risk marker in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We enrolled 102 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with diabetic foot and 123 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without limb lesions to compare the prevalence of main cardiovascular risk factors, subclinical cardiovascular disease, previous cardiovascular morbidity, and incidence of new vascular events on a 5-year follow-up. Diabetic patients with diabetic foot were more likely to have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, and microalbuminuria or proteinuria, a higher prevalence of a previous cardiovascular morbidity (coronary artery disease, transient ischemic attack/ischemic stroke, diabetic retinopathy), and a higher prevalence of subclinical cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, diabetic patients with foot ulceration showed, on a 5-year follow-up, a higher incidence of new-onset vascular events (coronary artery disease, transient ischemic attack/ischemic stroke, diabetic retinopathy). At multivariate analysis, duration of diabetes, age, hemoglobin A1c, and DFS maintained a significant association with cardiovascular morbidity; but DFS presence showed the highest hazard ratio.
|Journal||METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism