Cannabis Use and Social Anxiety in Adolescence: The Role of Facilitation Expectancies

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Abstract

Cannabis use is frequently related to social anxiety in young adulthood, but the nature of thisrelationship is unclear. Moreover, much research has been conducted on the role of cannabiseffects expectancies and their relationship to social anxiety among young adults, but less isknown about adolescence. The study examined the relationship between social anxiety,cannabis use patterns, and cannabis effects expectancies among a nonclinical sample of1,305 adolescents (51% female). Non-users reported higher social anxiety scores thannon-problematic and risky users. Compared to users, non-users had more negativeexpectancies. Risky and problematic users showed higher social and sexual facilitationexpectancies and perceptual and cognitive enhancement expectancies. In addition, socialanxiety was related to global negative expectancies and social and sexual facilitationexpectancies. Moreover, we found that among socially anxious adolescents, social andsexual facilitation expectancies are dissuasive reasons to use cannabis. Clinicalimplications and future directions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalJOURNAL OF CHILD & ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • General Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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