C1q-HA Matrix Regulates the Local Synthesis of Hyaluronan in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma by Modulating HAS3 Expression

Beatrice Belmonte, Chiara Agostinis, Marco Biolo, Alessandro Mangogna, Francesco Salton, Romana Vidergar, Andrea Balduit, Paola Zacchi, Fabrizio Zanconati, Micaela Grandolfo, Marco Confalonieri, Roberta Bulla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Simple SummaryMalignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive tumor characterized by poor prognosis due to late diagnosis and the absence of efficient first-line treatments. Hyaluronic acid (HA) and the complement protein C1q represent two pivotal players in the MPM tumor microenvironment by acting in association with effects on cancer cell adhesion, migration and proliferation. The aim of the current study is to prove HA production by MPM primary cells and to understand whether HA metabolism modulation could be considered a potential target for future therapeutic approaches in MPM.Increased hyaluronic acid (HA) production is often associated with cancer progression. In malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), HA is found at elevated levels in pleural effusions and sera of patients, and it has been widely debated whether MPM cells are able to produce HA by themselves or through the release of growth factors stimulating other cells. Another key component of the MPM microenvironment is C1q, which can act as a pro-tumorigenic factor favoring cell adhesion, migration and proliferation. The aim of the current study was to prove that MPM primary cells are able to synthesize HA and to inquire the stimulus given by C1q-HA matrix to HA synthesis. We confirmed the presence of a HA coat and cable-like structures around MPM primary cells, as well as an intracellular pool, mainly localized in the cytoplasmic and perinuclear region. After evaluating HA synthase (HAS) enzymes' basal expression in MPM primary cells, we found that C1q bound to HA was able to impinge upon HA homeostasis by upregulating HAS3 both at the mRNA and the protein levels. High expression of HAS3 has been correlated with a shorter life expectancy in MPM by bioinformatical analysis. These data confirmed that C1q bound to HA may exert pro-tumorigenic activity and identified HAS3 as a potential target in MPM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-
Number of pages18
JournalCancers
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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