Bright spots in the darkness of cancer: A review of starfishes-derived compounds and their anti-tumor action

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Abstract

The fight against cancer represents a great challenge for researchers and, for this reason, the search for new promising drugs to improve cancer treatments has become inevitable. Oceans, due to their wide diversity of marine species and environmental conditions have proven to be precious sources of potential natural drugs with active properties. As an example, in this context several studies performed on sponges, tunicates, mollusks, and soft corals have brought evidence of the interesting biological activities of the molecules derived from these species. Also, echinoderms constitute an important phylum, whose members produce a huge number of compounds with diverse biological activities. In particular, this review is the first attempt to summarize the knowledge about starfishes and their secondary metabolites that exhibited a significant anticancer effect against different human tumor cell lines. For each species of starfish, the extracted molecules, their effects, and mechanisms of action are described.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-
Number of pages29
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Drug Discovery

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