Biodiversity and dairy traits of indigenous milk lactic acid bacteria grown in presence of the main grape polyphenols

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Abstract

The present work was developed to select lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to be used as starter cultures in functional cheese production. The indigenous milk LAB populations were isolated from fermented raw ewes' milks (four bulks) added with 0.5 mg/mL of nine polyphenols commonly found in winery by-products. After 48 h of fermentation, all milks were characterized by an increase of LAB levels of about 3-4 Log cycles. All different colonies were purified and characterized for the main physiological and biochemical traits and then differentiated genetically at strain level and identified. Ten species belonging to the LAB genera Lactobacillus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Leuconostoc and Lactococcus were identified. Only Lactococcus lactis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains were evaluated for the technological traits including acidification and autolytic kinetics, diacetyl formation, exopolysaccharide production and generation of antimicrobial compounds. A total of four strains (Mise36, Mise94 Mise169 and Mise190) belonging to Lc. lactis displayed potential for production of cheeses containing grape polyphenols.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume367
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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