Binder design of high RAP content hot and warm asphalt mixture wearing courses

Davide Lo Presti, Davide Lo Presti, A. Jiménez Del Barco Carrión, A. Jiménez Del Barco Carrión, Gordon Airey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) has shown great potential for being used in the construction or maintenance of roads. However, RAP is usually downgraded to lower pavement layers and the percentage of RAP used in wearing courses is still moderate (≤30%). The research and results contained in this paper focus on the definition of binder recipes aimed at increasing the percentage of RAP in hot and warm mix asphalt wearing courses. A review of current internationally used blend design methodologies is presented followed by case studies aimed at defining binder recipes for high RAP content asphalt mixture wearing courses to be further used for mix design and production in asphalt plants. Binder design has been carried out by means of rotational viscosity, Dynamic Shear Rheometer, Bending Beam Rheometer and conventional experimental tests with results showing that the amount of RAP used in a mix can be increased through the development of an accurate binder design and the selection of an appropriate rejuvenator. As a result, laboratory design showed that using up to 90% of RAP is a feasible option. However, the percentage of RAP to be used is highly dependent on the properties of the initial RAP binder, so every case has to be independently and carefully studied. The research presented is carried out as part of the CEDR Transnational Road research Programme Call 2012 ( and the Marie Curie Initial Training Network action, FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-474
Number of pages15
JournalRoad Materials and Pavement Design
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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