Attachment Styles and Sucide-Related Behaviors in Adolescence: The Mediating Role of Self-criticism and Dependency

Giorgio Falgares, Mario Fulcheri, Daniel C. Kopala-Sibley, Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Daniela Marchetti, Danilo Carrozzino, Sandro De Santis, Daniela Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insecure attachment and the personality dimensions of self-criticism and dependency have been proposed as risk factors for suicide in adolescents. The present study examines whether self-criticism and dependency mediate the relationship betweeninsecure attachment styles and suicidality. A sample of 340 high-school students (73.2% females), ranging in age from 13 to 20 years (M = 16.47, SD = 1.52), completed the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire for Adolescents, the Depressive ExperiencesQuestionnaire for Adolescents, the Attachment Style Questionnaire, and the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised. The results partially support the expected mediation effects. Self-criticism, but not dependency, mediates the link between insecure attachment(anxiety and avoidance) and suicide-related behaviors. Implications for suicide risk assessment and management are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume8
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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