Association between intake of energy and macronutrients and memory impairment severity in US older adults, national health and nutrition examination survey 2011–2014

Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Lee Smith, Liang Hu, Lin Yang, Chao Cao, Qinran Liu, Jianjun Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Without a cure, dementia affects about 50 million people worldwide. Understanding the effects of dietary habits, a key lifestyle behavior, on memory impairment is critical to inform early behavioral modification to delay further memory loss and progression to dementia. We examined the associations of total energy intake and energy intake from macronutrients with memory impairment among older US adults using data from the nationally representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey study 2011–2014. A total of 3623 participants aged ≥60 years were analyzed. Comparing to those with low total energy intake, individuals with high intake were more likely to have severe memory impairment (OR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.15 to 2.02; ptrend = 0.005). Specifically, higher energy intake from carbohydrate (OR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.12 to 2.26) and sugar (OR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.16) were both significantly associated with the presence of memory impairment. Additionally, higher energy intake from fat, carbohydrate and sugar were significantly associated with more server memory impairment (fat: ptrend = 0.04; carbohydrate: ptrend = 0.03; sugar: ptrend = 0.02). High energy intake, either total or from carbohydrates, fat or sugar, is associated with memory impairment severity in the older US population. No such association was found in energy intake from protein.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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