Assessing positive body image, body satisfaction, weight bias, and appearance comparison in emerging adults: A cross-validation study across eight countries

Salvatore Gullo, Gianluca Lo Coco, Antonio Granero Gallegos, Jacinthe Dion, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Alvaro Sicilia, Marita Mccabe, Giada Pietrabissa, Qiqiang He, Marie-Ève Blackburn, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibánez, Naomi Hayami-Chisuwa, Gian Mauro Manzonie, Christophe Maïano, Esben Strodl, Annie Aimé, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Catherine Bégin, Charlotte H. Markey, Marie CaltabianoMichel Probst, David Mellor, Rachel F. Rodgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Positive body image refers to individuals' ability to conceptualize their bodies with love, respect, and appreciation. The study of positive body image is relatively new, and instruments used to investigate this multi-faceted construct have received limited use in non-English speaking countries. Thus, the aim of this investigation is to consider four measures that are associated with positive body image across eight different countries. Participants (n = 6272) completed the Body Appreciation Scale-2, the Body Areas Satisfaction Scale, the Physical Appearance Comparison Scale, and the Weight Bias Internalization Scale. Multi-group confirmatory factor analyses (MG-CFAs) and item-response theory (IRT) models were used to examine the measurement invariance of these surveys. Our results generally suggest that positive body image, weight bias, and appearance comparison can be assessed using brief assessments and that these four instruments can be used in different countries, but care should be taken to consider individuals' gender, BMI, and socio-economic position.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-332
Number of pages13
JournalBody Image
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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