Arte, sapere e sussunzione biopolitica nell’età del capitalismo cognitivo

Danilo Mariscalco

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

Abstract

[automatically translated] The research assumes that on this occasion his first exhibition and partial form is addressed to the analysis of the relationship between the activity called "art" and the post-Fordist accumulation regime. With it, it therefore proposes the investigation of the role of knowledge and skills, especially those related to the arts, in the biopolitical process of subsumption of labor to the laws of capital accumulation starting from the hypothesis of the so-called cognitive capitalism. To satisfy the scientific need for the definition of the object under investigation, within a theoretical framework and methodology consistent, we will try at first to expose the materialist conception of art that is possible to find in the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, in order to frame the cultural fact in the light of the principles set out by historical materialism; will then investigate the structure-superstructure relationship and the historical role of the ideological forms starting from the analysis of these issues that led Antonio Gramsci and Walter Benjamin; followed by an exploration of the paradigm of cognitive capitalism, which, as we shall see, seems to attribute an important role to knowledge and the ideological elements, even critical, in the production system; We will be finally investigated the practices of the antagonistic movement that emerged in the seventies in Italy and the roads that, from a materialistic perspective, can be followed, even in the midst of artistic activity, in the process of transformation of the existing relations of production. According to the theory of historical materialism, the art, in a society divided into classes, it is an ideological form belonging to the cultural superstructure, determined ultimately by the economic base and influenced by a specific tradition. According to the ways of the ideological conditioning traced by historical materialism, the "ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas [...]. The class which has the means of material production has thereby, at the same time, the intellectual means of production, so that it is on the whole subject the ideas of those who lack the means of intellectual production "1. The concept of ideology, as expressed in The German Ideology, seems to take on a negative connotation, as a partial view of reality, its a class and functional to the needs and aspirations of this but the proposal and, in the case of the ruling class, it sets as a universal truth: that concept would define the art, at least in the more "enhanced opportunities" in history, as an expression of the dominant ideas, and therefore "ideal expression of the dominant material relationships" 2. To changes in the economic base should "sconvolgersi" the specific cultural superstructure from the previous structure transformation, but this process is inevitable in the last instance, is resistance in the constant tradition that characterize the various ideological forms: in this regard Engels says, referring to the philosophy, in that it "every age presupposes a certain thought material, that has been transmitted by his predecessors and from which it starts" 3. The action that the superstructure,
Original languageItalian
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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