Architetture universitarie del XX secolo e loro modelli di riferimento.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

[automatically translated] The research deals with the university architecture, subject that confronted many masters of the twentieth century and which still s'indaga. The universities are nizialmente linked to the ecclesiastical institutions, and thus to cloistered types, suitable for recollection and far from the bustle of urban life. In Britain, the type used is that of colleges, based on the architectural shape of the quadrangle. From a deconstruction of the colleges in the United States born in the mid nineteenth century, the campus, while the Central European origin is the university complex. These models, which have spread across the world during the twentieth century, are inextricably linked to certain cultures and represent in terms of spatial organization. Since the mid-sixties, as a result of the student protests and the many reforms that change the terms and conditions of access to university, they also change the settlement university models. It assisted to a complexification of the previous models, sometimes to real upheaval and revolutionary proposals. In the eighties and nineties there has been a proliferation of models and settlement systems, so that Marcello Rebecchini he attempts a classification defining: the decentralized universities, such as satellite urban core, in the urban periphery, such as the urban fabric, as an autonomous and widespread nucleus in the city. The volume is divided into 3 parts. The first traces the birth and evolution or changing of historical reference models for university buildings of the twentieth century. The second includes an annotated bibliography that explores the relationship of university settlements with the city and the territory; the problems of size and distribution; The settlement patterns and the types; the project's unique mix of residences, libraries, services. The third is finally formed by a collection of illustrated architectures, articulated sheets covering the main data of the project, some illustrations and a brief description of the intervention.
Original languageItalian
PublisherBIBLIOTECA DIPARTIMENTO DI ARCHITETTURA
Number of pages128
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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