Single-cell microarrays are emerging tools to unravel intrinsic diversity within complex cell populations, opening up new approaches for the in-depth understanding of highly relevant diseases. However, most of the current methods for their fabrication are based on cumbersome patterning approaches, employing organic solvents and/or expensive materials. Here, we demonstrate an unprecedented green-chemistry strategy to produce single-cell capture biochips onto glass surfaces by all-aqueous inkjet printing. At first, a chitosan film is easily inkjet printed and immobilized onto hydroxyl-rich glass surfaces by electrostatic immobilization. In turn, poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether is grafted on the chitosan film to expose reactive epoxy groups and induce antifouling properties. Subsequently, microscale collagen spots are printed onto the above surface to define the attachment area for single adherent human cancer cells harvesting with high yield. The reported inkjet printing approach enables one to modulate the collagen area available for cell attachment in order to control the number of captured cells per spot, from single-cells up to double- and multiple-cell arrays. Proof-of-principle of the approach includes pharmacological treatment of single-cells by the model drug doxorubicin. The herein presented strategy for single-cell array fabrication can constitute a first step toward an innovative and environmentally friendly generation of aqueous-based inkjet-printed cellular devices.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|