Api e pronubi selvatici nella produzione di Coriandrum sativum L. (Famiglia Apiaceae) in Sicilia occidentale

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Abstract

[automatically translated] Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae - Umbelliferae) is an aromatic annual plant, subspontaneous in several Mediterranean countries. It is cultivated in various states of western Asia, North Africa and Europe. In Italy with the increment of the arrival to the request of coriandrum been fresh (grass cimicina) and powder to seeds are in increase. In Sicilian territory, for estimating the role of pollinators (bees and wild pollinators) increment in the production of seeds of coriander, a triennial surveying Has Been Carried Out, comparing three treatments: self-pollination, bees pollination and free pollination. The production of coriander Obtained sono stati in the first year of 132.5 kg / ha in the absence of pollinators and 298.92 kg / ha in free pollination; in the second year of the production Has Been 759. 75 kg / ha with self-fertilization and 1181.75 kg / ha with free pollination; in the third year Has Been the production of 1883 kg / ha with free pollination, 1335 kg / ha with bees and 800 kg / ha in the absence of pollinators. From the screening of pollinators captured on flowers of C. sativum, they are mainly Represented Diptera (Syrphidae, Muscidae and Calliphoridi), Apidi (megachilidi and little bees) and some small Coleopters.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalAPOIDEA
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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