Antropologia, “svolta ontologica”, politica.Descola, Latour, Viveiros de Castro

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Abstract

With the aim of a critical assessment, the paper deals with how the political dimension is configured in the theoretical approaches of Descola, Latour and Viveiros de Castro, as acknowledged leaders of the so-called “ontological turn” in human sciences during the last twenty years. This configuration is examined by two points of views: the role played by the political and power relations in the three scholars’ theories of the social, and the political implications that can be drawn from these lasts.I highlight the need to distinguish among, on one side, Descola’s approach, in which the political and power relations are features belonging to another level than that one of the logic of structuration of “ontologies” and ethos, even though influencing dominance of some modes rather than others as much as their historical changes and, from the other side, Latour and Viveiros de Castro’s approaches, in which ontology and politics are directly linked.In all these cases, I argue that these approaches does not account for the complexity of factors which mediate the relationships between ontology and politics, this generally being a blind spot for the “ontological turn”.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)97-132
Number of pages36
JournalARCHIVIO ANTROPOLOGICO MEDITERRANEO
Volume18 (2)
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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