Anti-Arrhenian behaviour of conductivity inoctanoic acid–bis(2-ethylhexyl)amine systems:a physico-chemical study

Mariano Licciardi, Vincenzo Turco Liveri, Angela Monia Ruggirello, Andrea Mandanici, Pietro Calandra, Domenico Lombardo

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article reviewpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Pure surfactant liquids and their binary mixtures, owing to the amphiphilic nature of the moleculesinvolved, can exhibit nano-segregation and peculiar transport properties. The structural and dynamicproperties of octanoic acid (OA)–bis(2-ethylhexyl)amine (BEEA) liquid mixtures at various compositionshave been studied by Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS), 1H-NMR and broadband dielectricspectroscopy as a function of temperature. It was found that the self-assembly occurs via protonexchange between the OA COOH group and the BEEA NH one; such self-assembled local structuresare affected anisotropically by a temperature increase so that the thermal dilatation is more marked in adirection perpendicular to the molecular axis whereas it is practically unaffected along its axis.Interestingly, an anti-Arrhenian behaviour of the conductivity has been found at the OA molar ratio (XOA)of around 0.66. This behaviour has been interpreted as the overall result of the competition betweenthe tendency of OA surfactant molecules to aggregate through OA–OA H-bond formation and theestablishment of hetero-adducts OA–BEEA joined to the temperature disordering effect. The potentialitiesof such systems as proton conducting water-free organic-based liquid systems enable them to betailored for their direct use as liquid membranes in fuel cells but also, from a more general perspective,for the piloted design of smart materials for specific applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3198-3210
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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