Analisi sistemica del paesaggio agrario tradizionale dell’albero in ambiente mediterraneo

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Abstract

[automatically translated] The cultivated landscape tree is a distinctive physiognomy of large Italian territorial areas, the mountainous areas in the coastal areas. The different types of arboreal agricultural crops have evolved rapidly over the past decades in terms of varietal selections and plant models, leading to a specialization and polarization of crops in areas with the greatest productive vocation and all allow greater environmental and economic sustainability. The traditional agricultural landscapes (PAT) of the tree are, in contrast, the residual and resilient realities that are recognized multiple and complex-valued functions. The purpose of the research was the adoption of a systemic approach of analysis of PAT units in two representative areas of the multifaceted Mediterranean environment (the plain of Palermo and Lazio Maremma) in order to identify, characterize and evaluate univocabilmente. In particular, spatial analysis was conducted on a cartographic basis for the identification of homogeneous landscape systems for physiographic characteristics, socio-economic, historical and cultural contexts in which it was possible to bring the specificity of the PAT at the local scale. The PAT was analyzed for complex constituent characters represented both by vegetable elements from the cultivated and spontaneous system, since the structural elements of the rural settlements and land management works. The systemic analysis also entailed, the evaluation of the historical-cultural and socio-economic reference. Preliminary results of the adoption of the systemic analysis methodology allowed in model areas to bring out the complexity of the PAT following objective and reproducible criteria for different environments. The analyzed landscapes, despite their differences, have common biological quality indicators, ecological-environmental, historical, cultural and landscape. E 'confirmed their common multifunctional nature and a different vulnerability in relation to the specificities of the areas in which they are dropped. The surveys represent a pilot study for the purpose of inventorying unique or typical PAT in Italy, if not in Europe, for uniqueness, beauty, scientific, ecological, or cultural-geographical,
Original languageItalian
Number of pages1
JournalItalus Hortus
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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