Karst in Sicily develops in both Messinian gypsum and Mesozoic or Tertiary limestonerocks. Caves are also found in the basalts of Mount Etna. Except for some rare cases, untilrecently most caves developed in limestone were considered to be of epigenetic origin. Thediscovery of gypsum in some of these caves, and especially detailed morphological studies,have allowed defining a hypogenic origin for a dozen of caves up to now. In some of these,the hypogenic evidences are very clear, while others remain in doubt because of thewidespread presence of well-developed condensation-corrosion morphologies not necessarilyrelated to hydrothermal fluids. This paper reports the present knowledge ofhypogenic caves in the Island of Sicily.
|Title of host publication||Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|