An Overview of the Hypogene Caves of Sicily

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Abstract

Karst in Sicily develops in both Messinian gypsum and Mesozoic or Tertiary limestonerocks. Caves are also found in the basalts of Mount Etna. Except for some rare cases, untilrecently most caves developed in limestone were considered to be of epigenetic origin. Thediscovery of gypsum in some of these caves, and especially detailed morphological studies,have allowed defining a hypogenic origin for a dozen of caves up to now. In some of these,the hypogenic evidences are very clear, while others remain in doubt because of thewidespread presence of well-developed condensation-corrosion morphologies not necessarilyrelated to hydrothermal fluids. This paper reports the present knowledge ofhypogenic caves in the Island of Sicily.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World
Pages199-209
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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