An intense physical rehabilitation program determines pain relief and improves the global quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES:It is accepted that the optimal management of patients with fibromyalgia (FM) requires a combination of non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions. Our study aimed to analyse the effects of a supplemented physical program on the quality of life of FM patients.METHODS:We enrolled 60 patients, all female (mean age 49±5.7 years), with primary FM (mean years of disease 33±12 months). Patients who agreed to participate in this study met the proposed 1990 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria and the 2010 American College of Rheumatology preliminary diagnostic criteria and were recruited at Policlinico P. Giaccone, University Hospital of Palermo, Italy. Thirty patients undertook a physical program consisting by group exercises, laser and TENS treatment (Combi-group). The remaining 30 FM patients (Exonly-group) practiced only group exercise (Control group). Ten patients with mechanical pain were considered as unrelated control group disease. Fatigue, sleep dysfunction and pain were reported and evaluated before and after the treatment for each patient. Particularly, the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), SF36 Questionnaire (SF36) and Visual analogic scale for pain and fatigue (VAS pain and fatigue) were administered at baseline (T0) and at the end of the treatment (T1) (after 40 rehabilitation sessions over 20-week).RESULTS:The combined treatment significantly improved the perception of pain and fatigue and the overall quality of life. In detail, the Combi-group experienced a statistically significant improvement in FIQ but not in the SF36 after the treatment.CONCLUSIONS:According to our results, an intense physical rehabilitation program could be considered a promising essential step in the management of FM patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-675
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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