In this paper a physical model for the anomalous temperature time evolution (decay) observed in complex thermodynamical system in presence of uniform heat source is provided. Measures involving temperatures T with power-law variation in time as T(t)∝tβ with β∈R shows a different evolution of the temperature time rate T(t) with respect to the temperature time-dependence T(t). Indeed the temperature evolution is a power-law increasing function whereas the temperature time rate is a power-law decreasing function of time.Such a behavior may be captured by a physical model that allows for a fast thermal energy diffusion close to the insulated location but must offer more resistance to the thermal energy flux as soon as the distance increases. In this paper this idea has been exploited showing that such thermodynamical system is represented by an heterogeneous one-dimensional distributed mass one with power-law spatial scaling of its physical properties. The model yields, exactly a power-law evolution (decay) of the temperature field in terms of a real exponent as T∝tβ (or T∝t-β) that is related to the power-law spatial scaling of the thermodynamical property of the system. The obtained relation yields a physical ground to the formulation of fractional-order generalization of the Fourier diffusion equation.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Annals of Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy