An Algorithm for Parameter Identification of UAS from Flight Data

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The aim of the present work is to realize an identification algorithm especially devoted to UAS (unmanned aerial systems).Because UAS employ low cost sensor, very high measurement noise has to be taken into account. Therefore, due to both modellingerrors and atmospheric turbulence, noticeable system noise has also to be considered. To cope with both the measurement and systemnoise, the identification problem addressed in this work is solved by using the FEM (filter error method) approach. A nonlinearmathematical model of the subject aircraft longitudinal dynamics has been tuned up through semi-empirical methods, numericalsimulations and ground tests. To take into account model nonlinearities, an EKF (extended Kalman filter) has been implemented topropagate the state. A procedure has been tuned up to determine either aircraft parameters or the process noise. It is noticeable that,because the system noise is treated as unknown parameter, it is possible to identify system affected by noticeable modelling errors.Therefore, the obtained values of process noise covariance matrix can be used to highlight system failure. The obtained results showthat the algorithm requires a short computation time to determine aircraft parameter with noticeable precision by using lowcomputation power. The present procedure could be employed to determine the system noise for various mechanical systems, since itis particularly devoted to systems which present dynamics that are difficult to model. Finally, the tuned up off-line EKF should beemployed to on-line estimation of either state or unmeasurable inputs like atmospheric turbulence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-846
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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