An agronomic evaluation of new safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) germplasm for seed and oil yields under Mediterraean climate conditions

Claudio Leto, Salvatore La Bella, Teresa Tuttolomondo, Mario Licata, Claudio Leto, Mario Licata, Roberto Matteo, Luca Lazzeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interest in oilseed crops for agro-industrial research and development projects has increased in the Mediterranean area, in recent years. Saffloower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is of potential interest for agriculture mainly due to fatty acid content variability in the seed oil. The aim of this study was to assess the agronomic performance of 16 new safflower accessions together with safflower variety Montola 2000, used as a reference, in a semi-arid environment. Research was carried out in Sicily (Italy) from 2013–2014. Hierarchical cluster analysis carried out on the fatty acid composition of safflower accessions resulted in their division into four main groups. Linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids were the main fatty acids present in the accessions. Seed yield was 1.11 t ha-1 on average and seed oil content was found to be approximately 35.01% of dry matter on average. Positive and significant relationships between seed/oil yield and other tested traits were found. The carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen content as a percentage of dry matter varied greatly both for the above- and belowgroundplant parts on average. This study confirms the interest of safflower for both food and non-food applications, offering interesting prospects in semi-arid regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAgronomy
Volume9
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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