In this article, we describe a case of acute pancreatitis occurred on a 2-year-old boy following rotavirus gastroenteritis. Its characteristics are analyzed and contextualized among those of other 4 cases of pancreatitis associated with rotavirus infection found through a systematic review of the international literature. None of the five children underwent surgery or was referred to an intensive care unit and all the 5 children cured with normalization of pancreatic enzyme within 5-10 days. The pathogenesis of this rare complication remains to be cleared, and its actual incidence may be higher than that reported. Although acute pancreatitis associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis seems to be a mild disease, attention must be paid by the pediatrician fearing possible complications. Rotavirus infection should be amended to the differential diagnosis panel of pancreatitis in toddlers.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
Cascio, A., Failla, M. C., Pantaleo, D., Ricciardi, F., Di Gangi, M., Dones, P., Pernice, L. M., Cascio, A., Giordano, S., & Iaria, C. (2013). Acute pancreatitis in children and rotavirus infection. Description of a case and minireview. New Microbiologica, 36, 97-101.