Acute appendicitis in a patient with situs viscerum inversus totalis: Role of laparoscopic approach. A case report and brief literature review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Abdominal pain due to acute appendicitis in one of the most causes of access to Emergency Room requiring surgical consult and treatment. The occurrence of anatomical anomalies should be considered especially when clinical and imaging features are misleading. In these cases laparoscopic surgery can be a safe tool in order to confirm uncertain diagnosis. Case report: We report a case of acute appendicitis in a 23-year-old Caucasian men with situs viscerum inversus detected on radiological investigation. Laparoscopic approach was used to confirm the diagnosis and to perform appendectomy. Trocars placement was tailored for this peculiar case. Discussion: One third of patient with acute appendicitis complains abdominal pain in an unexpected location due to various anatomical position of appendix. Left-sided acute appendicitis is a cause of misdiagnosis and it can occur in association with anatomical anomalies such as situs viscerum inversus and midgut malrotation. Laparoscopic surgery may represent a valuable approach in terms of differential diagnosis and treatment in these patients. Conclusion: Left-sided acute appendicitis should always be considered in young male patients with left lower quadrant pain. Laparoscopic approach is useful and safe procedure both for diagnosis and treatment of these unclear clinical pictures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S29-S33
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this