Active immunization status against measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B in internationally adopted children, surveyed at the university hospital of Palermo, Sicily

Giovanni Corsello, Alberto Firenze, Claudia Colomba, Omar Enzo Santangelo, Dario Piazza, Domiziana Giordano, Sandro Provenzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. The internationally adopted child is a fragile subject who often shows an incomplete health documentation, which hinders the complete assessment of health status. Materials and Methods. Between January 2010 and June 2016, at the University Hospital "AOUP P. Giaccone" of Palermo, we reviewed the health documentations of 111 children recently arrived in Italy following the conclusion of the international adoption procedure. 62.2% of the children were male, of various nationalities and with an average age of 7 years (± 3.4). This study aims to detect, in the observed sample, the reliability of the vaccinal documentation and the real acquired immunization. We intend to estimate the presence of IgG against Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Hepatitis B viruses. Results. Percentages of subjects with a complete correspondence between documentation attesting the successful vaccination and the effective immunization were: 78% for measles, 66% for mumps, 84% for rubella, 71% for hepatitis B. Percentages of subjects without vaccinal documentation but with positive evidence of IgG were: 50% for measles, 38% for mumps, 71% for rubella, 50% for hepatitis B. Conclusion. The partial correspondence found between vaccinations performed and real immune status can be attributed to several reasons: poor reliability of the received health documentation, the complex economic situation of the health services in the countries of origin, the incorrect vaccines storage or the administration beyond the expiration date, the poor immunological response due to concomitant diseases or severe malnutrition, the probable non-administration of the expected booster dose. Particular attention needs to be paid to this population, which may represent a risk group susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalANNALI DI IGIENE MEDICINA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITÀ
Volume30
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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