Environmental pollution by petroleum derivatives is a very current topic. In particular, low concentration of this kind of pollutants can seriously compromise the life of animals and plants of aquatic ecosystems (Yu, 2017). The current legislation provides that bilgewater, wastewater produced by boats, can be discharged directly into the sea only if the total hydrocarbon concentration not exceds 15 mg L-1. In this work, new activated carbons were tested as adsorbent materials of oil / hydrocarbons from wastewater. Moreover, an instrumental technique able to quickly measure the required low hydrocarbons concentration is also proposed. The new activated carbons were obtained from bio-oil production waste, a biochar produced by pyrolysis of Posidonia oceanica, a marine plant widespread in the Mediterranean sea. The biochar has been characterized and adsorption experiments were carried out with the pristine biochar (not activated) and with two chemically activated biochars (BCB and BCA) by means of acid or alkali treatments. Moreover, a commercial activated carbon (Filtrasorb 400) has been used for comparison purpose. Synthetic bilge waters were prepared following reference standards (MEPC, 2003) containing DMA (distillate marine fuel) and SDS (sodium lauryl sulfate). Batch adsorption isotherms were carried out without ionic medium and at different concentrations of NaCl in order to evaluate the effect of salinity on the adsorption ability of adsorbent materials. The same adsorbents were tested by column experiments. In particular, a bench pilot system was built and breakthrough curves were obtained changing amount of adsorbent material in column, flow rate, initial DMA and surfactant concentrations. Several instrumental techniques (turbidimetry, TOC, HPLC-FLD) have been used to measure surfactant and hydrocarbon concentrations in experimental samples. The batch experimental data were fitted with the most used isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips) and important considerations were made on the breakthrough curves of column experiments.
|Title of host publication||ABSTRACT & PROCEEDING BOOK|
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|