About the reliability of the Maximum Entropy Method in reconstructing electron density: the case of MgO

Marcello Merli, Alessandro Pavese

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The reliability of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to reconstruct finite temperature electron density (ED) is here discussed, investigating the case of periclase (MgO). A theoretical electron density has been generated by quantum mechanic calculations and folded with a function simulating atomic thermal motion, in order to produce a eference errorless ED [q(r)REF]. The Fourier coefficients of q(r)REF have been calculated, and used as “observed” diffraction intensities to reconstruct via MEM the original ED. The electron density attained by MEM [q(r)MEM] and q(r)REF have been compared with each other (pixel-by-pixel nd critical points) to assess the ability of MEM to retrieve EDs, on the basis of a set of observed tructure factors. We have carried out our study varying the number of observed structure factors [i.e. sin (q)/l cut-off], the nature of he prior-ensity [uniform density and procrystal-like model] and the way in which the prior-density is treated during MEM aximization [fixed or free to change]. We observe that (i) it is recommendable to use the rior-density as a start point only, and allow it to change during maximization; (ii) the closer is the prior-density to q(r)REF, the easier one attains by MEM a orrect ED; (iii) if the prior-density is varied and a sufficient large number of observed structure factors used, then MEM tends to yield converging EDs, regardless of the prior-density chosen as a start point.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-620
Publication statusPublished - 2006


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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