A study on maternal-fetal attachment in pregnant women undergoing fetal echocardiography

Concetta Polizzi, Giovanna Perricone, Valentina Fontana, Valentina Fontana, Antonio Carollo, Mariangela Marceca, Vincenzo Duca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the possible effects of the fetal echocardiographyexperience on the prenatal attachment process. The predictive effect ofspecific women’s psychological variables will be explored as well.Design and methods: This between groups study involved 85 womenwith pregnancy at risk who underwent the fetal echocardiography, and83 women who were about to undergo the morphological scan. The toolsemployed were: the Prenatal Attachment Inventory (P.A.I.) to explore thematernal-fetal attachment; the Maternity Social Support Scale to investigatethe woman perception of being socially supported during pregnancy; both theBig Five Questionnaire and the FACES III to explore the personality traits ofpregnant women and their perception of their couple relationship functioning.Findings: The outcomes of ANOVA do not show statistically significantdifferences between the two groups of the mothers-to-be with regard to thescores of the P.A.I. (F = .017; p = .897; η 2 = .000), while the regressionanalysis of the possible effect of the maternal psychological variables on themother-fetus relationship shows a statistically significant result only withregard to the “social support” variable (r 2 = .061; df = 80; p = .025).Conclusions: It would seem that the process of the prenatal attachmentdevelops independently whether the woman has to undergo a first levelscreening or a second level examination such as the fetal echocardiography.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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