The link between colorectal cancer (CRC), diabetes mellitus (DM) and inflammation is well established, and polyterapy, including rapamycin, has been adopted. This study is a novel approach that aimed at assessing the effect of a combination therapy of metformin and rapamycin on the control or prevention of CRC in diabetic animals, in presence or absence of probiotics. Fifty NOD/SCIDs male mice developed xenograft by inoculating HCT16 cells. They were equally divided into diabetics (induced by Streptozocin) and non-diabetics. Metformin was given in drinking water, whereas rapamycin was administered via intra-peritoneal injections. Probiotics were added to the double therapy two weeks before the sacrifice. Assessment was performed by clinical observation, histological analysis. Reactive oxigen species (ROS) activities and molecular analysis of Interleukin 3 and 6. Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha. AMP-activated protein Kinase and the mammalian target of rapamycin. decreases in the level of tumorigenesis resulted, to various extents, with the different treatment regimens.The combination of rapamycin and metformin had no significant result, however, after adding probiotics to the combination, there was a marked delay in tumor formation and reduction of its siza, suppression of ROS and decrease in inflammatory cytokines as well as an inhibition of phospohorylated mTOR. Existing evidence clearly supports the use of rapamycin and metformin especially in the presence of probiotics. It also highlighted the possible mechanism of action of the 2 drugs through AMPK and mTOR signaling pathways and offered preliminary data on the significant role of probiotics in the combination. Further investigation to clarify is needed.
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes