A novel identification procedure from ambient vibration data

Alberto Di Matteo, Chiara Masnata, Antonina Pirrotta, Salvatore Russotto, Cristiano Bilello, Cristiano Calogero Bilello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ambient vibration modal identification, also known as Operational Modal Analysis, aims to identify the modal properties of a structure based on vibration data collected when the structure is under its operating conditions, i.e., no initial excitation or known artificial excitation. This procedure for testing and/or monitoring historic buildings, is particularly attractive for civil engineers concerned with the safety of complex historic structures.However, since the external force is not recorded, the identification methods have to be more sophisticated and based on stochastic mechanics. In this context, this contribution will introduce an innovative ambient identification method based on applying the Hilbert Transform, to obtain the analytical representation of the system response in terms of the correlation function. In particular, it is worth stressing that the analytical signal is a complex representation of a time domain signal: the real part is the time domain signal itself, while the imaginary part is its Hilbert transform. A 3DOF numerical example will be presented to show the accuracy of the proposed procedure, and comparisons with data from other methods assess the reliability of the approach. Finally, the identification method will be extended to the real case study of the Chiaramonte Palace, a historic building located in Palermo and known as “Steri”.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-812
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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