Body lice transport B. recurrentis from man to man and humans are the only host. The presence of lice in Italy and an increasing number of cases in migrants can contribute to the onset of autochthonous cases. In this paper, we report a new case of Louse-borne Relapsing Fever (LBRF) diagnosed among migrants in Sicily exactly one year after the first case was recorded. We reviewed all cases reported in Europe from February 2016 until now. Our study identified two new cases of LBRF in migrants arrived in Europe: one who came from Somalia and one from Mali. Here we report data on a new case in Sicily. The number of migrants and refugees to transit in Sicily has increased, and this has led to the introduction of infectious diseases. Therefore, in our opinion it is essential to upgrade control of the sanitation conditions of migrants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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