A modified applicative criterion of the physical model concept for evaluating plot soil erosion predictions

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Abstract

In this paper, the physical model concept by Nearing (1998. Catena 32: 15–22) was assessed. Soil loss data collected on plots of different widths (2–8 m), lengths (11–44 m) and steepnesses (14.9–26.0%), equipped in south and central Italy, were used. Differences in width between plots of given length and steepness determined a lower data correlation and more deviation of the fitted regression line from the identity one. A coefficient of determination between measured, M, and predicted, P, soil losses of 0.77 was representative of the best-case prediction scenario, according to Nearing (1998). The relative differences, Rdiff = (P − M) / (P + M), decreased in absolute value as M increased only for erosion rates approximately > 1 kg m− 2. An alternative applicative criterion of the physical model concept, based on the |P − M| difference, was valid for the entire range of measured soil losses. In conclusion, the physical model should be defined in terms of perfect planimetrical equivalence. The best applicative criterion of the physical model concept may vary with the considered dataset, which practically implies the need to further test this concept with other datasets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalCatena
Volume126
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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