Background & aims: The metabolic syndrome is associated with central accumulation of fat. Previous studies showed that some obese subjects are characterized by a sparing energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate whether obese subjects with metabolic syndrome have a lower resting metabolic rate than obese subjects without metabolic syndrome.Methods: Forty obese subjects were divided into three groups according to the presence of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes; 15 non-obese healthy control subjects were also enrolled. Body composition (bio-impedance analysis) and resting metabolic rate (indirect calorimetry) were performed.Results: The group with metabolic syndrome exhibited a significantly lower resting metabolic rate adjusted for fat-free mass with respect to the control group and the obese group without metabolic syndrome (respectively: 10873 vs. 11873, po0.01 and 12373kJ/kg fat-free mass 24h, po0.01; mean7sem). The obese group with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes (T2D) had a not different adjusted resting metabolic rate (11476 kJ/kg fat-free mass 24 h) with respect to other groups.Conclusions: An energy sparing condition seems to characterize non-diabetic obese subjects with metabolic syndrome.
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine