The aim of this study is the creation of a 5-step ultrasound examination to evaluate and monitor Heart Failure (HF) patients during hospitalization and follow-up. “ABCDE” is the acronym of an Italian multicentre study composed of a consecutive sample of HF patients admitted from the Emergency to the Internal Medicine/Geriatric Departments of several Italian hospitals. The “ABCDE” score includes the evaluations of A, the Ankle-brachial index (ABI), B, the B-lines, C, the Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), D, the Diameter of the abdominal aorta and of the inferior cave vein and E, the echocardiographic assessment of the ejection fraction. This paper reports the preliminary results. Up to now, the “ABCDE” multicenter study seems an exciting opportunity to create an integrative ultrasound approach in HF. The definitive confirmation of these preliminary results and the effective usefulness of the “ABCDE” will be available in 2022, at the end of the study.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Current Problems in Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine