A case-control evaluation of sensory profile among preschool children affected by autism spectrum disorder

Margherita Salerno, Lucia Parisi, Davide Testa, Maria Ruberto, Davide Testa, Margherita Salerno, Palmira Romano, Michele Sabatino, Mariarosaria Caliendo, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Rosa Marotta, Annabella Di Folco, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Rosanna Marotta, Tiziana Nuara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurobehavioral syndromes caused by a developmental disorder, biologically determined, with a very early onset and deficit mainly related to social communication and interaction.There is a considerable amount of literature on ASD suggesting abnormal sensory experience as a basic symptom, as also reported by the DSM-5 and ICD-10.The current case-control study aimed to investigate the sensory perception skills in preschool children affected by ASD compared with a control group of typical developing children.Materials and methods: The study sample was composed of 42 children, subdivided into two groups: 21 ASD (12 males); 21 typical developing (TDC) (10 males). All partcipants underwent the Bogdashina's Sensory Profile Checklist Revised (SPCR) to evaluate sensory perceptual abilities. ASD performance on SPCR was compared to TDC's.Results: Individuals with ASD, showed significantly higher scores in all perception areas than TDC, except for the smell sub-scale, where the two groups were similar. The Cohen's d distribution showed a greater effect for vision, hearing, touch, vestibular and proprioception scales and a medium effect for smell scale.Conclusions: ASD subjects have an abnormal interaction between auditory and somatosensory modalities, probably linked to a dysfunctional interaction between auditory and somatosensory systems associated with abnormal involvement of the non-classical auditory pathways. In this light, ASD children and adolescents present disorders in inter-sensory processing profiles when compared with TDC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2235-2240
Number of pages6
JournalActa Medica Mediterranea
Volume35
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Preschool Children
Smell
Checklist
Auditory Pathways
Proprioception
Aptitude
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Touch
International Classification of Diseases
Interpersonal Relations
Hearing
Case-Control Studies
Communication
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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A case-control evaluation of sensory profile among preschool children affected by autism spectrum disorder. / Salerno, Margherita; Parisi, Lucia; Testa, Davide; Ruberto, Maria; Testa, Davide; Salerno, Margherita; Romano, Palmira; Sabatino, Michele; Caliendo, Mariarosaria; Quatrosi, Giuseppe; Marotta, Rosa; Di Folco, Annabella; Quatrosi, Giuseppe; Marotta, Rosanna; Nuara, Tiziana.

In: Acta Medica Mediterranea, Vol. 35, 2019, p. 2235-2240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salerno, M, Parisi, L, Testa, D, Ruberto, M, Testa, D, Salerno, M, Romano, P, Sabatino, M, Caliendo, M, Quatrosi, G, Marotta, R, Di Folco, A, Quatrosi, G, Marotta, R & Nuara, T 2019, 'A case-control evaluation of sensory profile among preschool children affected by autism spectrum disorder', Acta Medica Mediterranea, vol. 35, pp. 2235-2240.
Salerno, Margherita ; Parisi, Lucia ; Testa, Davide ; Ruberto, Maria ; Testa, Davide ; Salerno, Margherita ; Romano, Palmira ; Sabatino, Michele ; Caliendo, Mariarosaria ; Quatrosi, Giuseppe ; Marotta, Rosa ; Di Folco, Annabella ; Quatrosi, Giuseppe ; Marotta, Rosanna ; Nuara, Tiziana. / A case-control evaluation of sensory profile among preschool children affected by autism spectrum disorder. In: Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2019 ; Vol. 35. pp. 2235-2240.
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abstract = "Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurobehavioral syndromes caused by a developmental disorder, biologically determined, with a very early onset and deficit mainly related to social communication and interaction.There is a considerable amount of literature on ASD suggesting abnormal sensory experience as a basic symptom, as also reported by the DSM-5 and ICD-10.The current case-control study aimed to investigate the sensory perception skills in preschool children affected by ASD compared with a control group of typical developing children.Materials and methods: The study sample was composed of 42 children, subdivided into two groups: 21 ASD (12 males); 21 typical developing (TDC) (10 males). All partcipants underwent the Bogdashina's Sensory Profile Checklist Revised (SPCR) to evaluate sensory perceptual abilities. ASD performance on SPCR was compared to TDC's.Results: Individuals with ASD, showed significantly higher scores in all perception areas than TDC, except for the smell sub-scale, where the two groups were similar. The Cohen's d distribution showed a greater effect for vision, hearing, touch, vestibular and proprioception scales and a medium effect for smell scale.Conclusions: ASD subjects have an abnormal interaction between auditory and somatosensory modalities, probably linked to a dysfunctional interaction between auditory and somatosensory systems associated with abnormal involvement of the non-classical auditory pathways. In this light, ASD children and adolescents present disorders in inter-sensory processing profiles when compared with TDC.",
author = "Margherita Salerno and Lucia Parisi and Davide Testa and Maria Ruberto and Davide Testa and Margherita Salerno and Palmira Romano and Michele Sabatino and Mariarosaria Caliendo and Giuseppe Quatrosi and Rosa Marotta and {Di Folco}, Annabella and Giuseppe Quatrosi and Rosanna Marotta and Tiziana Nuara",
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AU - Salerno, Margherita

AU - Parisi, Lucia

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Ruberto, Maria

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Salerno, Margherita

AU - Romano, Palmira

AU - Sabatino, Michele

AU - Caliendo, Mariarosaria

AU - Quatrosi, Giuseppe

AU - Marotta, Rosa

AU - Di Folco, Annabella

AU - Quatrosi, Giuseppe

AU - Marotta, Rosanna

AU - Nuara, Tiziana

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurobehavioral syndromes caused by a developmental disorder, biologically determined, with a very early onset and deficit mainly related to social communication and interaction.There is a considerable amount of literature on ASD suggesting abnormal sensory experience as a basic symptom, as also reported by the DSM-5 and ICD-10.The current case-control study aimed to investigate the sensory perception skills in preschool children affected by ASD compared with a control group of typical developing children.Materials and methods: The study sample was composed of 42 children, subdivided into two groups: 21 ASD (12 males); 21 typical developing (TDC) (10 males). All partcipants underwent the Bogdashina's Sensory Profile Checklist Revised (SPCR) to evaluate sensory perceptual abilities. ASD performance on SPCR was compared to TDC's.Results: Individuals with ASD, showed significantly higher scores in all perception areas than TDC, except for the smell sub-scale, where the two groups were similar. The Cohen's d distribution showed a greater effect for vision, hearing, touch, vestibular and proprioception scales and a medium effect for smell scale.Conclusions: ASD subjects have an abnormal interaction between auditory and somatosensory modalities, probably linked to a dysfunctional interaction between auditory and somatosensory systems associated with abnormal involvement of the non-classical auditory pathways. In this light, ASD children and adolescents present disorders in inter-sensory processing profiles when compared with TDC.

AB - Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurobehavioral syndromes caused by a developmental disorder, biologically determined, with a very early onset and deficit mainly related to social communication and interaction.There is a considerable amount of literature on ASD suggesting abnormal sensory experience as a basic symptom, as also reported by the DSM-5 and ICD-10.The current case-control study aimed to investigate the sensory perception skills in preschool children affected by ASD compared with a control group of typical developing children.Materials and methods: The study sample was composed of 42 children, subdivided into two groups: 21 ASD (12 males); 21 typical developing (TDC) (10 males). All partcipants underwent the Bogdashina's Sensory Profile Checklist Revised (SPCR) to evaluate sensory perceptual abilities. ASD performance on SPCR was compared to TDC's.Results: Individuals with ASD, showed significantly higher scores in all perception areas than TDC, except for the smell sub-scale, where the two groups were similar. The Cohen's d distribution showed a greater effect for vision, hearing, touch, vestibular and proprioception scales and a medium effect for smell scale.Conclusions: ASD subjects have an abnormal interaction between auditory and somatosensory modalities, probably linked to a dysfunctional interaction between auditory and somatosensory systems associated with abnormal involvement of the non-classical auditory pathways. In this light, ASD children and adolescents present disorders in inter-sensory processing profiles when compared with TDC.

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