2-Methoxyestradiol and Its Combination with a Natural Compound, Ferulic Acid, Induces Melanoma Cell Death via Downregulation of Hsp60 and Hsp90

Francesco Cappello, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Agnieszka Daca, Alicja Kuban-Jankowska, Paulina Przychodzeń, Anna Kamm, Magdalena Górska-Ponikowska, Michał Woźniak, Francesco Cappello, Michał Woźniak, Michał A. Żmijewski

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Abstract

Melanoma is an aggressive type of skin cancer with one of the highest mortality rates. Notably, its incidence in the last few decades has increased faster than any other cancer. Therefore, searching for novel anticancer therapies is of great clinical importance. In the present study, we investigated the anticancer potential of 2-methoxyestradiol, potent chemotherapeutic, in the A375 melanoma cellular model. In order to furthermore evaluate the anticancer efficacy of 2-methoxyestradiol, we have additionally combined the treatment with a naturally occurring polyphenol, ferulic acid. The results were obtained using the melanoma A375 cellular model. In the study, we used MTT assay, flow cytometry, and western blot techniques. Herein, we have evidenced that the molecular mechanism of action of 2-methoxyestradiol and ferulic acid is partly related to the reduction of Hsp60 and Hsp90 levels and the induction of nitric oxide in the A375 melanoma cell model, while no changes were observed in Hsp70 expression after 2-methoxyestradiol and ferulic acid treatment separately or in combination. This is especially important in case of chemoresistance mechanisms because the accumulation of Hsp70 reduces induction of cancer cell death, thus decreasing antitumour efficacy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Oncology
Volume2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

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