.The gradual introduction of women to the world of work has been accompanied by substantial gender segregation, which can be seen, above all, in certain caring professions, such as that of the social assistant. According to the author, in the twentieth century, it was not so much a question of separating, in Foucaultian manner, male professions from female ones, thus encouraging the entrance of “gender” among the professions, but, rather, of imposing a cultural model and a “gender neutrality” behavioural habitus on workers and professional persons in the field. The author individuates a possible reason for the imposition of a “gender neutral” model in a “positivist and rationalist” cultural legacy, geared towards reducing (and often demeaning) the female’s emotional lexis in the professional sphere, and effectively imposing a state of male domination (1998). In order to document this thesis, apart from basing herself on recent sociological research, the author refers cites data regarding female employment in Italy in the last few years. She then compares these percentages with figures taken over the last fifteen years from members of the national and international professional bodies of social assistants; in this manner she verifies and confirms that women are still greatly in the majority in traditionally female professions such as social-assistance. This data would seem to further validate the thesis of “gender segregation”, which is still deep-rooted in national attitudes, in spite of bi-partisan access to all professions.
|Title of host publication||I mondi delle donne. Percorsi interdisciplinari|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Name||«Studi e Ricerche» dell’Università Niccolò Cusano|
Bartholini, I. M. (2016). “GENDER NEUTRALITY” E “GENDER SEGREGATION” IN UNA PROFESSIONE TRADIZIONALMENTE FEMMINILE. In I mondi delle donne. Percorsi interdisciplinari (pp. 27-38). («Studi e Ricerche» dell’Università Niccolò Cusano).